Water Source – A TVA impoundment of the Holston River constructed in 1943 to provide hydroelectric power, flood control and recreation. Major tributaries include Poor Valley, Ray and German creeks.
Water – Fertile and often stained from muddy runoff, or algae that produces a greenish tint. The thermocline develops in April and is most pronounced during the priod between June and September.
Bottom – Rock, gravel and clay dominate the bottom.
Shoreline – Much of the rolling, hilly land surrounding the lake is developed with homes and farmland. Many rocky bluffs are present around the lake.
Cover – The Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency has a program for the installation of fish attractors. In additiona, planting black willow and buttonbush is ongoing. Half-log nesting devices have been installed to increase natural reproduction of smallmouth bass.